Non-Lethal Management Tools

Cattle mortality on a predator-friendly station in central Australia

Wallach et al (PDF)

Researchers banned all forms of persecution on resident dingo packs for their experiment, and then over the ensuing two years, monitored what caused the deaths of cattle on the property. The researchers conclude that by simply leaving dingo populations alone, predation on cattle actually declined: “Ending lethal control may in itself reduce livestock losses by enabling the predator’s social structure to stabilize,”

Good fences make good neighbors: implementation of electric fencing for establishing effective livestock-protection dogs

Gehring et al (PDF)

Adaptive use of nonlethal strategies for minimizing wolf–sheep conflict in Idaho

Stone et al (PDF)

Effectiveness of a simulated pack to manipulate wolf movements

Anhalt et al (PDF)

Living with Livestock and Wolves – Review of the Literature

Western Wildlife Outreach (PDF)

Occurrence of large carnivores near settlements: a review of mechanisms and preventive measures

Marcus Elfström and Ole-Gunnar Støen Norway (PDF)

Livestock Manangement for Coexistence with Large Carnivores, Healthy Land & Productive Ranches

2015 (PDF)

 Cow dogs: Use of livestock protection dogs for reducing predation and transmission of pathogens from wildlife to cattle

VerCauteren et al, 2012 (PDF)

Shock Collars as a Site-Aversive Conditioning Tool for Wolves

Rossler et al, 2012  (PDF)

Developing a New Shock-Collar Design for Safe and Efficient Use on Wild Wolves

Harvey et al, 2013 (PDF)

Livestock Protection Dogs in the 21st Century: Is an Ancient Tool Relevant to Modern Conservation Challenges?

Gehring et al, 2010 (PDF)

Utility of livestock-protection dogs for deterring wildlife from cattle farms

Gehring et al, 2010 (PDF)

Testing fladry as a nonlethal management tool for wolves and coyotes in Michigan

Davidson-Nelson and Gehring, 2010 (PDF)

Conditioned Taste Aversion: A behavioral solution to the behavioral aspects of predator-prey conflicts

Nicolaus and Moriarty, 2008 (PDF)

Food Aversion

(http://www.conditionedtasteaversion.net/)

Conditioned Taste Aversion

Nicolaus et al (PDF)

Wolf Paw Print