Posts Tagged: predation risk

From overlooking to concealed: predator avoidance in an apex carnivore

Many prey species select bed sites that reduce the risk of being caught off guard. We investigated bed sites used by an apex predator (gray wolf, Canis lupus) before and after individuals were approached by humans (N048 trials). On 9 … read more

Caribou encounters with wolves increase near roads and trails: a time-to-event approach

Caribou and reindeer Rangifer tarandus are declining across North America and Scandinavia in part from wolf Canis lupus-mediated apparent competition with more abundant ungulate prey species. While caribou generally persist in areas with low wolf density, wolf packs that overlap … read more

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Wolf Paw Print