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Posts Tagged: wolves

Anthropogenic Food Subsidies Hinder The Ecological Role Of Wolves: Insights For Conservation Of Apex Predators In Human-modified Landscapes

In ecologically pristine ecosystems, top-down effects of apex predators play a fundamental role in shaping trophic cascades and structuring ecosystems, but in human-modified landscapes anthropogenic effects may markedly alter the ecological role of predators. In particular, human-provisioned food subsidies represent … read more

Grasshopper Consumption by Grey Wolves and Implications for Ecosystems

The eradication and subsequent reintroduction of grey wolves (Canis lupus) in the western United States has provided unique insights into the role these predators play in regulating ecosystem functioning and dynamics. Although the importance of wolves in ecosystems has been … read more

Tooth Fracture Frequency in Gray Wolves Reflects Prey Availability

Exceptionally high rates of tooth fracture in large Pleistocene carnivorans imply intensified interspecific competition, given that tooth fracture rises with increased bone consumption, a behavior that likely occurs when prey are difficult to acquire. To assess the link between prey … read more

Genomic signatures of extensive inbreeding in Isle Royale wolves, a population on the threshold of extinction

The observation that small isolated populations often suffer reduced fitness from inbreeding depression has guided conservation theory and practice for decades. However, investigating the genome-wide dynamics associated with inbreeding depression in natural populations is only now feasible with relatively inexpensive … read more

Wolves contribute to disease control in a multi-host system

We combine model results with feld data for a system of wolves (Canis lupus) that prey on wild boar (Sus scrofa), a wildlife reservoir of tuberculosis, to examine how predation may contribute to disease control in multi-host systems. Results show … read more

Wolves for Yellowstone: Dynamics in Time and Space

The reintroduction of gray wolves (Canis lupus) to Yellowstone National Park is the most celebrated ecological experiment in history. As predicted by population models, the rapid recovery of a wolf population caused both temporal and spatial variability in wolf–ungulate interactions … read more

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