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Resources ≀ Non-Lethal Management Tools

Adaptive use of Nonlethal Strategies for Minimizing Wolf–Sheep Conflict in Idaho

Worldwide, native predators are killed to protect livestock, an action that can undermine wildlife conservation efforts and create conflicts among stakeholders. An ongoing example is occurring in the western United States, where wolves (Canis lupus) were eradicated by the 1930s … read more

Effectiveness of a Simulated Pack to Manipulate Wolf Movements

Bioboundaries, also called biofences, are deterrents that attempt to exploit certain innate behaviors to exclude wildlife from target areas. We hypothesized that human-deployed scent marks and playbacks of foreign howls could simulate a territorial gray wolf (Canis lupus) pack impinging … read more

Living with Livestock and Wolves – Review of the Literature

In 2008 the first breeding pack of Gray Wolves (Canis lupus) in Washington was documented near Twisp in the Methow Valley following an absence of nearly 70 years. In response to the wolves’ reappearance in Washington, the Fish and Wildlife … read more

Occurrence of Large Carnivores Near Settlements: a Review of Mechanisms and Preventive Measures

We have reviewed the scientific literature regarding mechanisms behind, and preventive measures against, the occurrence of Scandinavian large carnivores (lynx, wolves and brown bears) near human settlements, and evaluated its management implications for Scandinavia. The occurrence of lynx close to … read more

Livestock Manangement for Coexistence with Large Carnivores, Healthy Land & Productive Ranches

Livestock – large carnivore coexistence practitioners can be more effective by expanding from a  direct focus on carnivores and predation-prevention tools to the broader social-ecological context of ranches and rural communities, especially livestock management. Ranchers can apply many of the … read more

Cow Dogs: Use of Livestock Protection Dogs for Reducing Predation and Transmission of Pathogens from Wildlife to Cattle

Dogs have been employed to protect an array of resources from various species of offending wildlife. Historically, livestock protection dogs (LPDs) protected domestic sheep and goats from predators based on development of a strong bond between protected and protector. Within … read more

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